Orthopedic problems refer to any health concern that involves bones, muscles, ligaments or joints. Many dog breeds are susceptible to these types of issues, which can result from a variety of factors such as improper diet, physical activity and genetics. Here are some of the most common orthopedic problems seen in dogs.
CCL tear Cranial cruciate ligament injuries are the most common orthopedic problem among dogs. This ligament, which is key to stabilizing the knee joint, can tear as a result of a sudden stop or change in direction while running. If your pet injures their CCL, it can be quite painful and surgery will likely be required, so don’t hesitate to contact your local animal hospital in Toronto. Hip dysplasia This genetic condition refers to the abnormal development of the hip, which consists of the head of the femur and the socket of the pelvis. When these two bones don’t grow at the same rate, it can be difficult and even painful for your dog to stand up, walk or run. Hip dysplasia is most common among large dog breeds such as German shepherds and golden retrievers. To find out if your pet has this condition, schedule an X-ray at the Bellamy-Lawrence Animal Hospital in Toronto. Disc disease Similar to humans, dogs can develop problems with the intervertebral discs in their neck and back. Small dog breeds like the pekingese and Lhasa apso tend to suffer from neck disc problems, whereas larger breeds such as the doberman are prone to lower back pain as they get older. Fortunately, minor disc issues can be treated with medication. In the case of a ruptured disc, however, emergency surgical intervention is necessary to prevent acute nerve pain or paralysis. Luxating patella If your dog has a dislocated kneecap, you may notice that your pet extends their leg out in an attempt to relieve discomfort. Limping is another common sign. In small dog breeds such as toy poodles, a luxating patella is a genetic condition that usually appears around the age of three or four years. Dogs can also suffer from this injury as the result of a trauma. Treatment can range from administering anti-inflammatory medication to surgery depending on the severity of the problem. Contact your local veterinarian Whether your dog is injured or simply in need of a routine check-up, the team at Bellamy-Lawrence Animal Hospital can help. Contact us today to schedule a visit at our Toronto clinic.